Nikolai Vavilov

Vavilov, the poor son of a rural soviet agricultural merchant became a leading crop and food scientist to battle starvation. During the Siege of Leningrad in World War II, nine Soviet scientists died of starvation while protecting Vavilov’s institute at the world’s largest seed bank, refusing to eat what they saw as their country’s future.

Watch another Module

  • At 31, Hamilton was the lead software engineer on NASA space missions. Her own handwritten computer code made a lunar module land on the moon, and prevented the Apollo 11 abort.
    Margaret Hamilton
    1936 -
  • Vassall was lured into a homosexual honey trap by the soviet KGB in 1950s Russia. As homosexuality was illegal in both the UK and Soviet Russia, the KGB blackmailed him into becoming a spy against his country.
    John Vassall
    1924 - 1996

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